Unaffected by the predating human technology and the growing high end production and industrialization, Bhutan, the land of Thunder Dragon remains distilled in the peak of its ever green natural environment. Also, bounded by the constitution, the conformity has been set up in line with the philosophy of Gross National Happiness, to ensure 60% of forest coverage at any time, as a vital power to the existence of living and sustainability.
Bhutan, to the outside world, is popular for its rugged snow clad mountains, deep valleys, crystal clear rivers and lakes, habituated by numerous endangered species of flora and fauna and in a way represent as one of the world’s most richest country in terms of biodiversity. For this particular reason, conservation of environment is regarded as an important element for the country’s developmental paradigms. Also, for the fact that, it is one of the pillars of Gross National Happiness. Bhutanese people are well informed and made aware and conscious to supporting in favour of conservation and protection of natural resources.
In steps to fulfilling the Nation’s goal, about 35% of the total forest coverage, are the four recognized national parks and several wildlife sanctuaries and nature reserves.
1. The Royal Manas National Park which is situated in the South Central Bhutan, offers a gigantic views to the home of the magnificent animals such as Rhinos, Leopards, Tigers, Buffalos, Elephants, Peacocks and many more.
2. Jigme Dorji National Park which is in the Western district and stretches three districts of Paro, Thimphu and Punakha, houses endangered species such as Snow Leopard, Red Panda, Musk Deer, Blue Sheep and our very own Takins
3. Black Mountain National Park located in the Central Bhutan in the midst of snow clads mountains and valleys, is bounded by species of flora and animals such as leopards and black bears.
4. Thrumshingla National Park which stretches within the two districts, Bumthang and Mongar is well known for bird conservation habitat.
Because Bhutan varies in weather condition and is subjected to different climate experience, the growth of wide varieties of plants, trees, herbs and flowers are found favourable. As an effect, Bhutan has over 5500 species of plant varieties ranging from rhododendrons species, Magnolias, orchids, medicinal herbs, and our very own, Blue poopy, the impressive national flower.
Besides flora and magnificent mountains, deep valleys and crystal clear rivers and lakes, Bhutan also has the varied wildlife kingdom with over 165 species of mammals and 620 bird species (Black Necked Crane, Hornbills) habituated in the country’s reserved national parks and wildlife sanctuaries. In one of these, lives Bhutan’s National animals, Takin, who is believed to have a unique traits associated with local myths and beliefs.
Bhutanese System for conservation management and biodiversity is globally unique and special as it balances environmental and conservation development as a pillar. If you are looking to delving into the forest and experience the unique feel, Bhutan has it all.
Any time, shall you discover Bhutan at its best.